American Robin - Turdus migratorius
The American robin is 8-11 inches in length and has a wingspan of 12-16 inches. The male American robin has a dark gray or brown back and wing feathers and reddish-orange breast feathers. The female has the same color pattern, but she is a little duller in color.
The American robin is found in all of the United States and Canada, except for Hawaii and the northern most parts of Alaska and Canada. It is also found in parts of Mexico and Central America. The American robin is migratory and populations move south in the winter, although some populations stay in place.
The American robin eats a wide variety of foods including fruits and berries, worms, grubs, and caterpillars. In winter, its diet is made up largely of berries. It is often seen on lawns in the morning looking for earthworms.
Robins mate in the spring from April through July. A female may have two or three broods a season. The female builds a cup-shaped nest with twigs, grass, and feathers. She spreads mud on the inside of the nest with her breast. After she lines the nest with mud, she adds grass and other soft materials. Sometimes the male helps collect materials for the nest.
The male robin uses its voice to protect its territory and to attract a mate. It is often one of the first birds heard in the spring!
Audio Credit: xeno-canto.org Paul Jaszczak