Gray Partridge - Perdix perdix
The gray partridge, also known as the Hungarian partridge, is a small chicken-like bird. It has a gray neck and chest and a rusty red head. Its wing and tail feathers are brown, rust, white, and gray. It has short, round wings and a small bill. Males often have a dark brown U-shaped patch on their stomach. Females may have a smaller patch or no patch at all.
The gray partridge is a non-native species in North America. It is originally from Europe and Asia. It was introduced to North America as a game bird and is now found in the north central United States and south central Canada.
The gray partridge lives in open areas, farmland, grasslands, and brush.
Most of the gray partridge's diet is made up of grains. It also occasionally eats insects.
The female gray partridge lays 8-10 eggs in a shallow depression lined with grass. The eggs take a little over three weeks to incubate. The chicks begin to fly when they are about two weeks old.
Gray partridges are non-territorial during the non-breeding season and live in large groups or coveys. Males can be aggressive towards each other during mating season. Males and females pair up in the spring for mating.
Audio Credit: xeno-canto.org Matthias Feuersenger