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Lycaenidae - Blues, Coppers, Hairstreaks, Harvesters

 

Classification

 Kingdom: Animalia
 Phylum: Arthropoda
 Subphylum: Hexapoda
 Class: Insecta
 Order: Lepidoptera
 Family: Lycaenidae

SilKarner BlueThere are about 4,000 species of small, delicate butterflies in this family. Most species are are brightly colored in blue, violet, or copper and have a metallic sheen. Some species have tiny tail-like extensions on their hindwings.

The males in this family have short forelegs and no claws. The females have normal forelegs. The caterpillars of the species in this family look more like slugs than caterpillars.

Many of the species of this family have a special relationship with ants. Ants rub the larvae of some species with their antennae. This causes the larvae to secrete a sugary fluid that the ants eat. This secretion also protects the larvae from parasites.



World Status Key
Least ConcernLeast Concern Near ThreatenedNear Threatened VulnerableVulnerable EndangeredEndangered Critically EndangeredCritically Endangered extinct in the wildExtinct in Wild extinctExtinct
Status and range is taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status.

US Status Key
Threatened in US Threatened in US Threatened in New Hampshire Threatened in NH Endangered in US Endangered in US Endangered in NH Endangered in NH Introduced Introduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

  New Hampshire Species

 

  Species Found in the U.S.

Acadian Hairstreak - Satyrium acadica
American Copper - Lycaena phlaeas
Banded Hairstreak - Satyrium calanus
Bog Copper - Lycaena epixanthe
Bog Elfin - Callophrys lanoraieensis
Bronze Copper - Lycaena hyllus
Brown Elfin - Callophrys augustinus
Coral Hairstreak - Satyrium titus
Early Hairstreak - Erora laeta
Eastern Pine Elfin - Callophrys niphon
Eastern Tailed-Blue - Cupido comyntas
Edwards' Hairstreak - Satyrium edwardsii
Frosted Elfin - Callophrys irus Endangered in NH
Gray Hairstreak - Strymon melinus
Greenish Blue - Plebejus saepiolus
Henry's Elfin - Callophrys henrici
Hessel's Hairstreak - Callophrys hesseli
Hoary Elfin - Callophrys polios
Juniper Hairstreak - Callophrys gryneus
Karner Blue Butterfly-Lycaeides melissa samuelis Endangered in US Endangered in NH
Melissa Blue - Lycaeides melissa
Silvery Blue - Glaucopsyche lygdamus
Spring Azure - Celastrina ladon
Striped Hairstreak - Satyrium liparops
Summer Azure - Celastrina neglecta
Western Pine Elfin - Callophrys eryphron
 

Intermediate Dotted-Blue - Euphilotes intermedia
Mojave Dotted-Blue - Euphilotes mojave
Pallid Dotted-Blue - Euphilotes pallescens
Rita Dotted-Blue - Euphilotes rita
Spalding's Dotted-Blue - Euphilotes spaldingi
Stanfords' Blue - Euphilotes stanfordorum
Palos Verdes Blue - Glaucopsyche lygdamus palosverdesensis Endangered in US
Arrowhead Blue - Glaucopsyche piasus
Golden Hairstreak - Habrodais grunus
Ceraunus Blue - Hemiargus ceraunus
Colorado Hairstreak - Hypaurotis crysalus
Sonoran Hairstreak - Hypostrymon critola
Fender's Blue -Icaricia icarioides fenderi Endangered in US
Sky-blue Groundstreak - Kisutam sillus
Cassius Blue - Leptotes cassius
Marine Blue - Leptotes marina
Lotis Blue - Lycaeides argyrognomon lotis Endangered in US
Tailed Copper - Lycaena arota
Lustrous Copper - Lycaena cupreus
Gray Copper - Lycaena dione
Dorcas Copper - Lycaena dorcas
Edith's Copper - Lycaena editha
Ferris' Copper - Lycaena ferrisi
Gorgon Copper - Lycaena gorgon
Purplish Copper - Lycaena helloides
Hermes Copper - Lycaena hermes Vulnerable
Blue Copper - Lycaena heteronea
Mariposa Copper - Lycaena mariposa
Lilac-bordered Copper - Lycaena nivalis
Ruddy Copper - Lycaena rubidus
Great Copper - Lycaena xanthoides
Gray Ministreak - Ministrymon azia
Clytie Ministreak - Ministrymon clytie
Leda Ministreak - Ministrymon leda
Black Hairstreak - Ocaria ocrisia
Aquamarine Hairstreak - Oenomaus ortygnus
Zebra-striped Hairstreak - Panthiades bathildis
Bitias Hairstreak - Panthiades bitias
White M Hairstreak - Parrhasius m album
Mexican-M Hairstreak - Parrhasius moctezuma
Soapberry Hairstreak - Phaeostrymon alcestis
Sonoran Blue - Philotes sonorensis
Pumice Dotted-Blue - Philotiella leona
Small Dotted-Blue - Philotiella speciosa
Acmon Blue - Plebejus acmon
Anna's Blue - Plebejus anna
Cassiope Blue - Plebejus cassiope
Cotundra Blue - Plebejus cotundra
San Emigdio Blue - Plebejus emigdionis
Friday's Blue - Plebejus fridayi
Arctic Blue - Plebejus glandon
'Rustic' Arctic Blue - Plebejus glandon rusticus
Boisduval's Blue - Plebejus icarioides
Northern Blue - Plebejus idas
Lupine Blue - Plebejus lupini
Veined Blue - Plebejus neurona
Cranberry Blue - Plebejus optilete
Sierra Nevada Blue - Plebejus podarce Vulnerable
Shasta Blue - Plebejus shasta
European Common Blue - Polyommatus icarus
Sky-blue Hairstreak - Pseudolycaena damo
Marius Hairstreak - Rekoa marius
Gold-bordered Hairstreak - Rekoa palegon
Zebina Hairstreak - Rekoa zebina
Gold-hunter's Hairstreak - Satyrium auretorum
Behr's Hairstreak - Satyrium behrii
California Hairstreak - Satyrium californica
Hickory Hairstreak - Satyrium caryaevorus
Southern Hairstreak - Satyrium favonius
'Northern' Southern Hairstreak - Satyrium favonius ontario
Sooty Hairstreak - Satyrium fuliginosum
Ilavia Hairstreak - Satyrium ilavia
King's Hairstreak - Satyrium kingi
Poling's Hairstreak - Satyrium polingi
Hedgerow Hairstreak - Satyrium saepium
Sagebrush Sooty Hairstreak - Satyrium semiluna
Sylvan Hairstreak - Satyrium sylvinus
Mountain Mahogany Hairstreak - Satyrium tetra
Pearly-gray Hairstreak - Strephonota tephraeus
Bartram's Scrub-Hairstreak - Strymon acis
White Scrub-Hairstreak - Strymon albata
Lacey's Scrub-Hairstreak - Strymon alea
Avalon Scrub-Hairstreak - Strymon avalona Vulnerable
Lantana Scrub-Hairstreak - Strymon bazochii
Red-lined Scrub-Hairstreak - Strymon bebrycia
Tailless Scrub-Hairstreak - Strymon cestri
Mallow Scrub-Hairstreak - Strymon istapa
Disguised Scrub-Hairstreak - Strymon limenia
Martial Scrub-Hairstreak - Strymon martialis
Megarus Scrub-Hairstreak - Strymon megarus
Red-crescent Scrub-Hairstreak - Strymon rufofusca
Bromeliad Scrub-Hairstreak - Strymon serapio
Yojoa Scrub-Hairstreak - Strymon yojoa
Red-spotted Hairstreak - Tmolus echion
Hawaiian Blue, Blackburn's Blue - Udara blackburni
Orange-crescent Groundstreak - Ziegleria guzanta
Cyna Blue - Zizula cyna

Species Found in the U.S.

 
Harvester - Feniseca tarquinius
Strophius Hairstreak - Allosmaitia strophius
Creamy Stripestreak - Arawacus jada
Fine-lined Hairstreak - Arawacus sito
Togarna Hairstreak - Arawacus togarna
Great Purple Hairstreak - Atlides halesus
Mission Blue - Aricia icarioides missionensis Endangered in US
Common Brangas - Brangas neora
Western Pygmy-Blue - Brephidium exilis
Eastern Pygmy-Blue - Brephidium pseudofea
Western Green Hairstreak - Callophrys affinis
Apama Western Green Hairstreak - Callophrys apama
Barry's Hairstreak - Callophrys barryi
Coastal Green Hairstreak - Callophrys dumetorum
Desert Elfin - Callophrys fotis
Olive Juniper Hairstreak - Callophrys gryneus gryneus
Johnson's Hairstreak - Callophrys johnsoni
Alpine Sheridan's Hairstreak - Callophrys lemberti
Sandia Hairstreak - Callophrys mcfarlandi
Moss' Elfin - Callophrys mossii
San Bruno Elfin - Callophrys mossii bayensis Endangered in US
Muir's Hairstreak - Callophrys muiri
Nelson's Hairstreak - Callophrys nelsoni
Rosner's Hairstreak - Callophrys rosneri
Sheridan's Green Hairstreak - Callophrys sheridanii
Desert Green Hairstreak - Callophrys sheridanii comstocki
Thicket Hairstreak - Callophrys spinetorum
Thorne's Juniper - Callophrys thornei
Xami Hairstreak - Callophrys xami
Red-banded Hairstreak - Calycopis cecrops
White-striped Groundstreak - Calycopis clarina
Dusky-blue Groundstreak - Calycopis isobeon
Echo Azure - Celastrina echo
Mexican Azure - Celastrina gozora
Hops Azure - Celastrina humulus
American Holly Azure - Celastrina idella
Northern Azure - Celastrina lucia
Appalachian Azure - Celastrina neglecta major
Dusky Azure - Celastrina nigra
Cherry Gall Azure - Celastrina serotina
Amethyst Hairstreak - Chlorostrymon maesites
Silver-banded Hairstreak - Chlorostrymon simaethis
Telea Hairstreak - Chlorostrymon telea
Western Tailed-Blue - Cupido amyntula
Stained Greenstreak - Cyanophrys agricolor
Goodson's Greenstreak - Cyanophrys goodsoni
Tropical Greenstreak - Cyanophrys herodotus
Long-winged Greenstreak - Cyanophrys longula
Clench's Greenstreak - Cyanophrys miserabilis
Nickerbean Blue - Cyclargus ammon
Miami Blue - Cyclargus thomasi bethunebakeri Endangered in US
Reakirt's Blue - Echinargus isola
Fulvous Hairstreak - Electrostrymon angelia
Muted Hairstreak - Electrostrymon joya
Ruddy Hairstreak - Electrostrymon sangala
Arizona Hairstreak - Erora quaderna
Atala - Eumaeus atala
Superb Cycadian or Great Cycadian - Eumaeus childrenae
Mexican Cycadian - Eumaeus toxea
Rocky Mountain Dotted-Blue - Euphilotes ancilla
Western Square-dotted Blue - Euphilotes battoides
El Segundo Blue - Euphilotes battoides allyni Endangered in US
Bauer's Dotted-Blue - Euphilotes baueri
Bernardino Dotted-Blue - Euphilotes bernardino
Central Dotted-Blue - Euphilotes centralis
Columbian Blue - Euphilotes Columbiae
Ellis' Dotted-Blue - Euphilotes ellisi
Pacific Dotted-Blue - Euphilotes enoptes
Smith's Blue -  Euphilotes enoptes smithi Endangered in US
 

Additional Information

Key: profile Profile Photos Photos Video Video Audio Audio New Hampshire Species NH Species

American Copper - Lycaena phlaeas profile Photos New Hampshire Species
The American copper is found in northern and central North America, Europe, Asia, and Northern Africa.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Gray Hairstreak - Strymon melinus profile Photos New Hampshire Species
The gray hairstreak is found from Southern Canada to Central America and Northwestern South America.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

European Common Blue - Polyommatus icarus profile Photos
The European common blue is found in Europe, Asia, North Africa, and North America.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Great Purple Hairstreak - Atlides halesus profile Photos
The great purple hairstreak is found from Guatemala north to the southern United States.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Hermes Copper - Lycaena hermes Photos Vulnerable
The Hermes copper is only found from San Diego County, California to northern Baja California.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Hermes Copper - Lycaena hermes profile Photos Vulnerable
The upper side of the Hermes copper is brown with a yellow-orange patch surrounding black spots. The underside is bright yellow.
Source: San Diego Museum of Natural History Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Karner Blue Butterfly-Lycaeides melissa samuelis profile Photos Endangered in US Endangered in NH New Hampshire Species
The Karner blue butterfly is the size of a dime.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Sierra Nevada Blue - Plebejus podarce Photos Vulnerable
The Sierra Nevada blue is found from Southern Oregon to central California.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Western Pygmy-Blue - Brephidium exilis profile Photos
The western pygmy-blue is the smallest butterfly in North America.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes