Sora - Porzana carolina
This small, shy marsh bird is 6-8 inches in length with a wingspan of 12 inches. It has a yellow bill and yellow legs. It has a brown body and wings, a gray chest and belly, and a black mask on its face. The sora is sometimes called the Carolina crake or the sora rail.
The sora breeds from British Columbia east to the Maritime Islands and south to California, Arizona, Oklahoma, and Pennsylvania. It usually winters along the Pacific and Atlantic coasts north to California and Virginia.
Soras form breeding pairs in the early spring. Both the male and the female preen for each other during courtship. The female lays 6-15 eggs in a cup of cattails and dead leaves. The nest is usually located in a clump of reeds in an open area of a marsh close to water. The chicks hatch after about 18 days. They are precocial and feed themselves shortly after hatching. Both parents incubate the eggs and care for the chicks. The chicks fledge in 20-25 days.
Audio Credit: xeno-canto.org Chris Parrish