Upland Sandpiper - Bartramia longicauda
It is speckled brown on top and white with brown spots and bars on its chest and belly. The upland sandpiper is also called the grass plover and the upland plover.
The upland sandpiper breeds from Alaska east to New Brunswick, Canada and south to northeastern Oregon, Oklahoma, and Virginia. It winters on the pampas (prairie) of southern South America from Brazil to Argentina.
Unlike other sandpipers and plovers, the upland sandpiper prefers dry grasslands over wetlands. It is sometimes called the "shorebird of the prairie." It lives on open prairies, grasslands, pastures, wet meadows, and hayfields. Its numbers have sharply declined since the late 1800s due to hunting and habitat loss.
The upland sandpiper eats a wide variety of invertebrates including grasshoppers, crickets, ants, beetles, moths, weevils, flies, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, snails, and earthworms. It also eats some grains and seeds.
Both the male and female create a nesting spot by scraping out a depression in the ground. The nest is made under a bush or in a clump of grass. Sometimes grass is pulled down over the nest to help hide it. The female lays 4 eggs, and both the male and the female incubate the eggs. The chicks hatch in 21-27 days and fledge in about a month. The chicks are precocial and start hunting insects shortly after birth.
Audio Credit: xeno-canto.org Myriam Velazquez