Barrow's Goldeneye - Bucephala islandica
Barrow's goldeneye is 16-20 inches in length with a wingspan of about 30 inches. The male has a white body, a purple-black head, and a white crescent-shaped mark on the side of its face. The female has a gray body with a reddish-brown head and a white collar around her neck. The male and the female have a stubby black bill. The female's bill has a yellow-orange tip. Both the male and the female have high, sloping foreheads; white patches on their wings; and gold eyes.
Barrow's goldeneye breeds in the western United States in the mountains from Alaska south to Oregon and Colorado. In the east, it breeds in Quebec and Labrador. It winters along the Pacific Coast from Alaska to California and along the Atlantic Coast from the Maritime Provinces in Canada south to Long Island, New York. Barrow's goldeneye is also found in Greenland and Iceland.
breeds on forested lakes and rivers. It winters on open bays and estuaries along the coast. In its breeding range, it is usually found on small, clear alpine lakes at altitudes of up to 10,000 feet.
The female is ready to breed when she is three years old. She usually returns to the area where she hatched to breed. Breeding pairs form in the late winter or early spring.
Audio Credit: xeno-canto.org Andrew Spencer