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Bovidae - antelopes, cattle, gazelles, goats, sheep

BisonThere are 140 species of wild and domesticated animals in this family. They are found in Africa, Asia, North America, and Europe. The majority of the species in this family are found in Africa. African species include: the impala, the silver dik-dik, the black wildebeest, the springbok, and the rhebok. Animals in this family have horns. They vary in height from 9 inches 6.5 feet! All of the species in this family have two-toed hooves. The males and some of the females in this family have horns. They have a four-chambered stomach and are herbivores. Wild species in this family found in North America include: the American bison, the mountain goat, and the American bighorn sheep.

World Status Key
Least Concern Least Concern Near Threatened Near Threatened Vulnerable Vulnerable Endangered Endangered Critically Endangered Critically Endangered extinct in the wild Extinct in the Wild extinct Extinct
Status and range is taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status.

US Status Key
Threatened in US Threatened in US Threatened in US Threatened in NH Endangered in US Endangered in US Endangered in NH Endangered in NH breeds in nh Breeds in NH Introduced Introduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

New Hampshire Species


 North/Central American Species


  American Bison - Bison bison Near Threatened
Mountain Goat - Oreamnos americanus Least Concern
Muskox - Ovibos moschatus Least Concern
Bighorn Sheep - Ovis canadensis Least Concern
Dall Sheep - Ovis dalli Least Concern

Species Around the World

Africa Africa Asia Asia Australia Australia/Oceania Europe Europe North America North America South America South America New Hampshire Species NH Species

Addax - Addax nasomaculatus Critically Endangered Africa
Impala - Aepyceros melampus Least Concern Africa
Hartebeest - Alcelaphus buselaphus Least Concern Africa
Dibatag - Ammodorcas clarkei Vulnerable Africa
Barbary Sheep - Ammotragus lervia Vulnerable Africa
Springbok - Antidorcas marsupialis Least Concern Africa
Blackbuck - Antilope cervicapra Near Threatened Asia
Arabian Tahr - Arabitragus jayakari Critically Endangered Asia
Hirola - Beatragus hunteri Critically Endangered Africa
American Bison - Bison bison Near Threatened North America
European Bison - Bison bonasus Vulnerable Asia Europe
Gaur - Bos gaurus Vulnerable Asia
Banteng - Bos javanicus Critically Endangered Asia
Wild Yak - Bos mutus Vulnerable Asia
Auroch - Bos primigenius extinct Europe
Grey Ox - Bos sauveli Critically Endangered Asia
Nilgai - Boselaphus tragocamelus Least Concern Asia
Indian Water Buffalo - Bubalus arnee Critically Endangered Asia
Lowland Anoa - Bubalus depressicornis Critically Endangered Asia
Mindoro Dwarf Buffalo - Bubalus mindorensis Critically Endangered Asia
Mountain Anoa - Bubalus quarlesi Critically Endangered Asia
Takin - Budorcas taxicolor Vulnerable Asia
Wild Goat - Capra aegagrus Vulnerable Asia
Western Tur - Capra caucasica Critically Endangered Asia
Eastern Tur - Capra cylindricornis Near Threatened Asia
Markhor - Capra falconeri Critically Endangered Asia
Alpine Ibex - Capra ibex Least Concern Europe
Nubian Ibex - Capra nubiana Vulnerable Africa Asia
Spanish Ibex- Capra pyrenaica Least Concern Europe
Siberian Ibex - Capra sibirica Least Concern Asia
Walia Ibex - Capra walie Critically Endangered Africa
Japanese Serow - Capricornis crispus Least Concern Asia
Southwest China Serow - Capricornis milneedwardsii Near Threatened Asia
Red Serow - Capricornis rubidus Near Threatened Asia
Sumatran Serow - Capricornis sumatraensis Vulnerable Asia
Formosan Serow - Capricornis swinhoei Least Concern Asia
Himalayan Serow - Capricornis thar Near Threatened Asia
Aders' Duiker - Cephalophus adersi Critically Endangered Africa
Peters' Duiker - Cephalophus callipygus Least Concern Africa
Bay Duiker - Cephalophus dorsalis Least Concern Africa
Harvey's Duiker - Cephalophus harveyi Least Concern Africa
Jentink's Duiker - Cephalophus jentinki Endangered Africa
White-bellied Duiker - Cephalophus leucogaster Least Concern Africa
Natal Red Duiker - Cephalophus natalensis Least Concern Africa
Black Duiker - Cephalophus niger Least Concern Africa
Black-fronted Duiker - Cephalophus nigrifrons Least Concern Africa
Ogilby's Duiker - Cephalophus ogilbyi Least Concern Africa
Red-flanked Duiker - Cephalophus rufilatus Least Concern Africa
Yellow-backed Duiker - Cephalophus silvicultor Least Concern Africa
Abbott's Duiker - Cephalophus spadix Critically Endangered Africa
Weyns' Duiker - Cephalophus weynsi Least Concern Africa
Zebra Duiker - Cephalophus zebra Vulnerable Africa
Black Wildebeest - Connochaetes gnou Least Concern Africa
Blue Wildebeest - Connochaetes taurinus Least Concern Africa
Topi - Damaliscus lunatus Least Concern Africa
Blesbok/bontebok - Damaliscus pygargus Least Concern Africa
Beira - Dorcatragus megalotis Vulnerable Africa
Mongalla Gazelle - Eudorcas albonotata Least Concern Africa
Red-fronted Gazelle - Eudorcas rufifrons Vulnerable Africa
Red Gazelle - Eudorcas rufina [dd] Africa
Thomson's Gazelle - Eudorcas thomsonii Near Threatened Africa
Arabian Gazelle - Gazella arabica [dd] Asia
Chinkara - Gazella bennettii Least Concern Asia
Queen Of Sheba's Gazelle - Gazella bilkis extinct Asia
Cuvier's Gazelle - Gazella cuvieri Critically Endangered Africa
Dorcas Gazelle - Gazella dorcas Vulnerable Africa Asia
Mountain Gazelle - Gazella gazella Vulnerable Africa Asia
Slender-horned Gazelle - Gazella leptoceros Critically Endangered Africa
Saudi Gazelle - Gazella saudiya extinct Asia
Speke's Gazelle - Gazella spekei Endangered Africa
Goitered Gazelle - Gazella subgutturosa Vulnerable Asia
  Himalayan Tahr - Hemitragus jemlahicus Near Threatened Asia
Roan Antelope - Hippotragus equinus Least Concern Africa
Bluebuck - Hippotragus leucophaeus extinct Africa
Sable Antelope - Hippotragus niger Least Concern Africa
Waterbuck - Kobus ellipsiprymnus Least Concern Africa
Kob - Kobus kob Least Concern Africa
Southern Lechwe - Kobus leche Least Concern Africa
Nile Lechwe - Kobus megaceros Critically Endangered Africa
Puku - Kobus vardonii Near Threatened Africa
Gerenuk - Litocranius walleri Near Threatened Africa
Guenther's Dik-dik - Madoqua guentheri Least Concern Africa
Kirk's Dik-dik - Madoqua kirkii Least Concern Africa
Silver Dik-dik - Madoqua piacentinii [dd] Africa
Salt's Dik-dik - Madoqua saltiana Least Concern Africa
Red Goral - Naemorhedus baileyi Vulnerable Asia
Long-tailed Goral - Naemorhedus caudatus Vulnerable Asia
Himalayan Goral - Naemorhedus goral Near Threatened Asia
Chinese Goral - Naemorhedus griseus Vulnerable Asia
Dama Gazelle - Nanger dama Critically Endangered Africa
Grant's Gazelle - Nanger granti Least Concern Africa
Soemmerring's Gazelle - Nanger soemmerringii Vulnerable Africa
Bates' Pygmy Antelope - Neotragus batesi Least Concern Africa
Royal Antelope - Neotragus pygmaeus Least Concern Africa
Suni - Nesotragus moschatus Least Concern Africa
Nilgiri Tahr - Nilgiritragus hylocrius Critically Endangered Asia
Mountain Goat - Oreamnos americanus Least Concern North America
Klipspringer - Oreotragus oreotragus Least Concern Africa
Beisa Oryx - Oryx beisa Near Threatened Africa
Scimitar-horned Oryx - Oryx dammah extinct in the wild Africa
Gemsbok - Oryx gazella Least Concern Africa
Arabian Oryx - Oryx leucoryx Critically Endangered Africa Asia
Oribi - Ourebia ourebi Least Concern Africa
Muskox - Ovibos moschatus Least Concern Europe North America
Argali - Ovis ammon Near Threatened Asia
Bighorn Sheep - Ovis canadensis Least Concern North America
Dall Sheep - Ovis dalli Least Concern North America
Snow Sheep - Ovis nivicola Least Concern Asia
Mouflon - Ovis orientalis Vulnerable Asia
Tibeten Antelope- Pantholops hodgsonii Critically Endangered Asia
Grey Rhebok - Pelea capreolus Least Concern Africa
Maxwell's Duiker - Philantomba maxwellii Least Concern Africa
Blue Duiker - Philantomba monticola Least Concern Africa
Mongolian Gazelle - Procapra gutturosa Least Concern Asia
Tibetan Gazelle - Procapra picticaudata Near Threatened Asia
Przewalski's Gazelle - Procapra przewalskii Critically Endangered Asia
Bharal - Pseudois nayaur Least Concern Asia
Dwarf Bharal - Pseudois schaeferi Endangered Asia
Saola - Pseudoryx nghetinhensis Critically Endangered Asia
Steenbok - Raphicerus campestris Least Concern Africa
Cape Grysbok - Raphicerus melanotis Least Concern Africa
Sharpe's Grysbok - Raphicerus sharpei Least Concern Africa
Southern Reedbuck - Redunca arundinum Least Concern Africa
Mountain Reedbuck - Redunca fulvorufula Least Concern Africa
Bohor Reedbuck - Redunca redunca Least Concern Africa
Pyrenean Chamois - Rupicapra pyrenaica Least Concern Europe
Northern Chamois - Rupicapra rupicapra Least Concern Asia Europe
Mongolian Saiga - Saiga tatarica Critically Endangered Asia Europe
Common Duiker - Sylvicapra grimmia Least Concern Africa
African Buffalo - Syncerus caffer Least Concern Africa
Four-horned Antelope - Tetracerus quadricornis Vulnerable Asia
Nyala - Tragelaphus angasii Least Concern Africa
Mountain Nyala - Tragelaphus buxtoni Endangered Africa
Giant Eland - Tragelaphus derbianus Least Concern Africa
Bongo - Tragelaphus eurycerus Near Threatened Africa
Lesser Kudu - Tragelaphus imberbis Near Threatened Africa
Common Eland - Tragelaphus oryx Least Concern Africa
Bushbuck - Tragelaphus scriptus Least Concern Africa
Sitatunga - Tragelaphus spekii Least Concern Africa
Greater Kudu - Tragelaphus strepsiceros Least Concern Africa

Additional Information

Bovidae Subfamilies

button Aepycerotinae (impalas)
button Alcelaphinae (bonteboks, hartebeest, wildebeest)
button Antilopinae (antelopes, dik-diks, gazelles)
button Bovinae (bison, buffalos, cattle)
button Caprinae (chamois, goats, serows, sheep)
button Cephalophinae (duikers)
button Hippotraginae (addax, oryxes, roan, antelopes, sable antelopes)
button Reduncinae (reedbucks, waterbucks)