Canada Goose - Branta canadensis
The Canada goose has a long black neck and head with a white band on its cheeks that runs under its chin like a strap. It has black feet and a light tan body with lighter brown or white under its tail.
The Canada goose breeds and winters in most of Canada and the United States.
On land, the Canada goose eats a wide variety of grasses, including salt grass and Bermuda grass. It uses its bill to yank the grass out of the ground. It also eats corn, rice, and wheat. In the water, the Canada goose sticks its head and upper body under the water, stretches its neck out, and uses its bill to scoop up food from the mud and silt.
The female Canada goose lays her eggs between March and June. She lays between four to ten whitish eggs in a nest made of grass, reeds, and moss and lined with down. The nests are usually made on the ground near water. The female hatches the eggs and turns them over often to evenly heat them.
Canada geese migrate in large V-shaped formations. They honk loudly while they are flying. They migrate at a slow pace. Male Canada geese can be very aggressive. They often attack predators with their wings and bill.
Audio Credit: xeno-canto.org Andrew Spencer