Northern Flicker - Colaptes auratus
The northern flicker is a large brown woodpecker. It has a white tail with black bars and a black tip, a light brown to off-white breast with black to brown spots, and a black "bib" on its upper chest. The male has a black or red "mustache" that runs from his bill down to his cheek.
The flicker is found in much of North America from the tree line in Canada and Alaska south to Nicaragua. Flickers in Alaska and Canada are migratory.
The flicker's diet is mostly insects, including ants. They also eat termites, beetles, caterpillars, fruits, and berries. They sometimes eat seeds and nuts.
They build their nests in holes in trees, telephone poles, or birdhouses. Gilded flickers may build their nests in cactuses. The female usually lays 6-8 eggs. Both the male and female incubate the eggs for 11-16 days. Both parents feed the fledglings regurgitated food.
The flicker is the only woodpecker in North America that commonly finds food on the ground. It often forages for ants and beetle larvae on the ground. It sometimes perches on tree limbs to eat berries.
Audio Credit: xeno-canto.org Paul Jaszczak