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Rose-breasted Grosbeak - Pheucticus ludovicianus

pine grosbeak


 Kingdom: Animalia
 Phylum: Chordata
 Class: Aves
 Order: Passeriformes 
 Family: Cardinalidae
 Genus: Pheucticus
ICUN Redlist - World Status: Least ConcernLeast Concern



rose breasted grosbeakThe rose-breasted grosbeak is 7-8 inches in length with a wingspan of 11-13 inches. It has a strong, pale pinkish-white, cone-shaped bill. The male has a black head, wings, and back; a white belly and rump; and a red breast and underwings. The female has a brown back, a cream colored breast with brown streaks, and a white belly and rump. She has a white stripe over her eyes and yellow underwings.


mapThe rose-breasted grosbeak breeds from northeastern British Columbia east to Nova Scotia and south to North Dakota, Oklahoma, Missouri, Ohio, West Virginia, and New Jersey. The rose-breasted grosbeak is a neotropical migrator and winters from southern Mexico to northern South America and the Caribbean.


rose breasted grosbeakThe rose-breasted grosbeak breeds in deciduous, and mixed forests and woodlands with open fields and in old orchards. It winters in tropical forests in Mexico, Central America, northern South America, and the Caribbean.


The rose-breasted grosbeak forages in tress for seeds, fruits, and buds. It also eats insects.

Life Cycle

rose breasted grosbeakThe female rose-breasted grosbeak lays 1-5 eggs in a loose cup-shaped nest of twigs and grass. The nest is made in a tree or bush. Both parents incubate the eggs for 12-14 days. Both the male and the female feed the chicks. The chicks fledge when they are 9-12 days old, but stay with their parents for a few more weeks.


The rose-breasted grosbeak's song is similar to the song of the American robin, but it is a little faster.

Audio Credit: xeno-canto.org AMike Nelson cc logo