Western Red-backed Salamander - Plethodon vehiculum
The western red-backed salamander is found from British Columbia, Canada south to southern Oregon.
The western red-backed salamander is found under rocks and fallen wood, along stream banks, and in shady forests.
Western red-backed salamander larvae eat snails, Pacific tree frogs, and red-legged frog tadpoles.
The western red-backed salamander mates from November to December. The female lays a clutch of about 10 eggs from April to May. Unlike most salamanders, the western red-backed salamander larvae hatch fully formed as salamanders. The hatchlings appear in the fall. They mature in 2 1/2 years. Females lay eggs every other year.
The western red-backed salamander lives and breeds entirely on land. It is nocturnal.